Professor Rudi Appels

Rudi Appels

Contact Details

Office: Murdoch Campus, BITL Building, Room 3.007
Phone Number: +61 8 9360 6229
Fax Number: +61 8 9360 7238
Mailing Address: Centre for Comparative Genomics,
Murdoch University,
Perth WA 6150,
E-Mail Address:



BSc (Hons) University of Adelaide, PhD in Biochemistry, Adelaide University, 1972
225 refereed papers, 1 text book. Queen Elizabeth fellowship 1975, Harkness fellowship, 1979. Gottschalk medal awarded by the Australian Academy of Sciences for distinguished research in biological sciences, 1985.


Supervised 23 PhD students during the course of career

Research Interests

Wheat Genome Sequencing, DNA-based Diagnostics and Technologies, Comparative Genomics, Genomic DNA from Experimental Organisms.


Fully Refereed Journal and Conference papers

  1. (2010) Walker CK, Panozzo JF, Ford R, Eckermann P, Moody D, Lehmensiek A, Appels R.Chromosomal loci associated with endosperm hardness in a malting barley cross.Theor Appl Genet. 2010 Sep 10. PubMed PMID: 20830465.more...
  2. (2010) Fredèric Choulet, Thomas Wicker, Camille Rustenholz, Etienne Paux, Jerome Salse, Philippe Leroy, Stephane Schlub, Marie-Christine Le Paslier, Ghislaine Magdelenat, Catherine Gonthier, Arnaud Couloux, Hikmet Budak, James Breen, Michael Pumphrey, Sixin Liu, Xiuying Kong, Jizeng Jia, Marta Gut, Dominique Brunel, James A. Anderson, Bikram S. Gill, Appels R. Beat Keller, and Catherine Feuilleta. Megabase Level Sequencing Reveals Contrasted Organization and Evolution Patterns of the Wheat Gene and Transposable Element Spaces. DOI: 10.1105/tpc.110.074187 published online Jun 25, 2010; PLANT CELL.more...
  3. (2010) Li Liu, Tatsuya M Ikeda, Gerard Branlard, Roberto J Pena, William J Rogers, Silvia E Lerner, Maria A Kolman Xianchun Xia, Linhai Wang, Wujun Ma, Appels R., Hisashi Yoshida, Aili Wang, Yueming Yan and Zhonghu He. Comparison of low molecular weight glutenin subunits identified by SDS-PAGE, 2-DE, MALDI-TOF-MS and PCR in common wheat. BMC Plant Biology 2010, 10:124doi:10.1186/1471-2229-10-124 Published: 24 June 2010.more...
  4. (2010) James M Breen, Dora Li, David S Dunn, Ferenc Bekes, Xiuying Kong, Juncheng Zhang, Jizeng Jia, Thomas Wicker, Rohit Mago, Wujun Ma, Matthew Bellgard and Appels R. (2010).Wheat beta-expansin (EXPB11) genes: Identification of the expressed gene on chromosome 3BS carrying a pollen allergen domain. Journal: BMC Plant Biology. more...
  5. (2010) Breen J, Wicker T, Kong X, Zhang J, Ma W, Paux E, Feuillet C, Appels R., Bellgard M (2010). A highly conserved gene island of three genes on chromosome 3B of hexaploid wheat: diverse gene function and genomic structure maintained in a tightly linked block. BMC Plant Biol. 2010 May 27;10:98. more...
  6. (2010) Appels R., Barrerro R, Keeble G, Bellgard M. Advances in genome studies: The PAG 2010 conference. Funct Integr Genomics. 2010 Mar;10(1):1-9. PubMed PMID: 20182762. more...
  7. (2010) Gao L, Ma W, Chen J, Wang K, Li J, Wang S, Bekes F, Appels R, Yan Y. (2010). Characterization and comparative analysis of wheat high molecular weight glutenin subunits by SDS-PAGE, RP-HPLC, HPCE, and MALDI-TOF-MS. J Agric Food Chem. 2010 Mar 10;58(5):2777-86.more...
  8. (2009) Gao L, Wang A, Li X, Dong K, Wang K, Appels R, Ma W, Yan Y. (2009). Wheat quality related differential expressions of albumins and globulins revealed by two-dimensional difference gel electrophoresis (2-D DIGE). J Proteomics. 2009 Dec 1;73(2):279-96. Epub 2009 Oct 6. more...
  9. (2009) Appels R. Diversity of genome research at the 2009 Plant and Animal Genome Conference. Editorial. Functional and Integrative Genomics 9:1-6. more...
  10. (2009) X. Y. He, Z. H. He, W. Ma, Appels R. and X. C. Xia (2009). Allelic variants of phytoene synthase 1 ( Psy1 ) genes in Chinese and CIMMYT wheat cultivars and development of functional markers for flour colour. In Molecular Breeding . Springer Netherlands. Volume 23, Number 4 / May, 2009. ISSN 1380-3743 .pp553-563. more...
  11. (2009) Zhang J, Dell B, Conocono E, Waters I, Setter T and Appels R (2009). Water deficits in wheat: fructosyl exohydrolase (1-FEH) mRNA expression and relationship to soluble carbohydrate concentrations to two varities. New Phytologist. 2009; 181. more...
  12. (2009) Moolhuijzen PM, Lew-Tabor AE, Wlodek BM, Aguero FG, Comerci DJ, Ugalde RA, Sanchez DO, Appels R, Bellgard MI. (2009) Genomic analysis of campylobacter fetus subspecies: identification of candidate virulence determinants and diagnostic assay targets. BMC Microbiol. May 8;9(1):86. more...
  13. (2008) Paux E, Sourdille P, Salse J, Saintenac C, Choulet F, Leroy P, Korol A, Michalak M, Kianian S, Spielmeyer W, Lagudah E, Somers D, Kilian A, Alaux M, Vautrin S, Berges H, Eversole K, Appels R, Safar J, Simkova H, Dolezel J, Bernard M, Feuillet C. A Physical Map of the 1-Gigabase Bread Wheat Chromosome 3B. Science 322; 101 – 104
  14. (2008) Wang A, Pei Y, Li X, Zhang Y, Zhang Q, He Z, Xia X, Appels R, Ma W, Huang X and Yan Y. Rapid separation and characterization of grain water-soluble proteins in bread wheat cultivars (Triticum aestivum L.) by capillary electrophoresis. Canadian Journal of Plant Science. 843-848.
  15. (2008) Zhang J, Huang S, Fosu-Nyarko J, Dell B, McNeil M, Waters I, Moolhuijzen P, Conoono E, Appels R. The genome structure of the 1-FEH genes in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.): new markers to track stem carbohydrates and grain filling QTLs in breeding. Molecular Breeding. DOI 10.1007/s10032-008-9179-1.
  16. (2008) Zhang X, Chengdao Li, Tay A, Lance R, Mares D, Cheong J, Cakir M, Ma J, Appels R. A new PCR-based marker on chromosome 4AL for resistance to pre-harvest sprouting in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Molecular Breeding. DOI 10.1007/s10032-008-9169-3.
  17. (2008) Spielmeyer W, Singh R, McFadden H, Welling C, Huera-Espino J, Kong X, Appels R, Lagudah ES. Fine scale genetic and physical mapping using interstitial delection mutants of Lr34/Yr18: a disease resitance locus effective against multiple pathogens in wheat. Theor Appl Genet. 2008 Feb; 116(4):481-90.
  18. (2008) Li D, Barclay I, Jose K, Stefanova K, Appels R. A mutation at the Ala122 position of acetohydroxyacid synthase (AHAS) located on chromosome 6D of wheat: improved resistance to imidazolinone and a faster assay for marker assisted selection. Molecular Breeding. 2008 Feb; 10.1007/s11032-008-9168-4
  19. (2008) Zhang Y, Li X, Wang A, An X, Xhang O, Pei Y, Gao L, Ma W, Appels R, Yan Y. Novel x-type high-molcular-weight glutenin genes from Aegilops tauschii and their implications on the wheat origin and evolution mechanism of Glu-D1-1 proteins. Genetics. 2008 jan:178(1):23-33.
  20. (2008) McNeil MD, Kota R, Lagudah E, Feuillet C, Dunn D, Bellgard M, Li D, McLean R, Kong X and Appels R. BAC-derived markers for assaying the stem rust resistance gene, Sr2, in wheat breeding programs. Molecular Breeding. DOI 10.1007/s11032-007-9152-4.
  21. (2007) Li X, Zhang Y, Gao L, Wang A, Ji K, He Z, Appels R, Ma W, Yan Y. Molecular cloning, heterologous expression, and phylogenetic analysis of a novel y-type HMW glutenin subunit gene from the G genome of Triticum timopheevi. Genome. 2007 Dec;50(12):1130-40.
  22. (2007) Appels R. The annotation of gene HgAffx.13168.1.S1_at. Functional & Integrative Genomics 7(4), 303.
  23. (2007) Chen J, Lan P, Tarr A, Yan YM, Francki M, Appels R, Ma W. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight based wheat gliadin protein peaks are useful molecular markers for wheat genetic study. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry 21(17), 2913-2917.
  24. (2007) Moolhuijzen P, Dunn DS, Bellgard M, Carter M, Jia J, Kong X, Gill BS, Feuillet C, Breen J, Appels R. Wheat genome structure and function: genome sequence data and the International Wheat Genome Sequencing Consortium. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 58, 470–475.
  25. (2007) Verbyla AP, Saint-Pierre C, Peterson CJ, Ross AS, Appels R. Fourier modelling, analysis and interpretation of high-resolution mixograph data. Journal of Cereal Science 46, 11–21.
  26. (2007)Zhao XL, Xia XC, He ZH, Lei ZS, Appels R, Yang Y, Sun QX and W. Ma W. Novel DNA variations to characterize low molecular weight glutenin Glu-D3 genes and develop STS markers in common wheat. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 114(3), 451-460.
  27. (2007) Diepeveen, D., Armstrong, L., Clarke, P., Abrecht, D., Appels, R., Bellgard, M. Applying data mining tools to improve grain quality for growers. In Proc. 2008 Agribusiness Crop Updates: Cereal Updates". Perth, Western Australia. 2008:103-105.
  28. (2006) Francki MG, Walker E, Forster JW, Spangenberg G and Appels R. Fructosyltransferase and invertase genes evolved by gene duplication and rearrangements: rice, perennial ryegrass, and wheat gene families. Genome 49, 1081-1091.
  29. (2006) Moolhuijzen P, Cakir M, Hunter A, Schibeci D, Macgregor A, Smith C, Francki M, Jones MG, Appels R and Bellgard M. LegumeDB bioinformatics resource: comparative genomic analysis and novel cross-genera marker identification in lupin and pasture legume species. Genome 49(6), 689-699.
  30. (2006) Zhao XL, Xia XC, He ZH, Gale KR, Lei ZS, Appels R and Ma W. Characterization of three low-molecular-weight Glu-D3 subunit genes in common wheat. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 113(7), 1247-1259.
  31. (2006) Cakir M, Wilson R, McLean R, Barclay I, Appels R, Devlin G, Li D. Marker Implementation in the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia Wheat Breeding Program.Proceedings of the 13th Australasian Plant Breeding Conference. Christchurch, New Zealand. 2006:796-803.
  32. (2006) Cakir M, Li C, Lance R, Tarr A, Harasymow S, Gupta S, Jones M, Appels R. Marker assisted breeding in barley: the winners and the losers. Proceedings of the 13th Australasian Plant Breeding Conference, Christchurch, New Zealand. 2006:584-588.
  33. (2006) Cakir M, McLean R, Shankar M, Drake-Brockman F, Bariana B, Appels R. Identifying closely linked SSR markers to Sr32 and Sr33 stem rust genes in wheat.Proceedings of the 13th Australasian Plant Breeding Conference, Christchurch, New Zealand. 2006:1219-1223.
  34. (2006) Cakir M, Wilson R, Barclay I, McLean R, Lambe B, Crosbie G, Stefanova K, Appels R, Loughman R, Shankar M, Broughton S.Recent Advances in Wheat Breeding in Australia.Proceedings of the 13th Australasian Plant Breeding Conference. Christchurch, New Zealand. 2006:125-127.
  35. (2006) Johnson JC, Appels R, Bhave M. The PDI genes of wheat and their syntenic relationship to the esp2 locus of rice. Funct Integr Genomics. 2006 Apr;6(2):104-21.
  36. (2005) Mullan DJ, Platteter A, Teakle NL, Appels R, Colmer TD, Anderson JM, Francki MG. EST-derived SSR markers from defined regions of the wheat genome to identify Lophopyrum elongatum specific loci. Genome. 2005 October;48(5):811-22.
  37. (2005) Raman H, Zhang K, Cakir M, Appels R, Garvin DF, Maron LG, Kochian LV, Moroni JS, Raman R, Imtiaz M, Drake-Brockman F, Waters I, Martin P, Sasaki T, Yamamoto Y, Matsumoto H, Hebb DM, Delhaize E, Ryan PR. Molecular characterization and mapping of ALMT1, the aluminium-tolerance gene of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Genome. 2005 October;48(5):781-91.
  38. (2005) Ma W, Appels R, Bekes F, Larroque O, Morell MK, Gale KR. Genetic characterisation of dough rheological properties in a wheat doubled haploid population: additive genetic effects and epistatic interactions. Theor Appl Genet. 2005 August;111(3):410-22. Epub 2005 June 18.
  39. (2005) Lehmensiek A, Eckermann PJ, Verbyla AP, Appels R, Sutherland MW, Daggard GE. Curation of wheat maps to improve map accuracy and QTL detection. Australian Journal of Experimental Research 56:1347-1354.
  40. (2005) Sun DJ, He ZH, Xia XC, Zhang LP, Morris CF, Appels R, Ma WJ, Wang H. A novel STS marker for polyphenol oxidase activity in bread wheat. 2005. Mol Breeding 16:209-218.
  41. (2005) Appels R, Bellgard M. Looking through genomics - from the editors. Functional and Integrative Genomics. 2005 January;5(1):1-3.
  42. (2004) Gill BS, Appels R, Botha-Oberholster AM, Buell CR, Bennetzen JL, Chalhoub B, Chumley F, Dvorak J, Iwanaga M, Keller B, Li W, McCombie WR, Ogihara Y, Quetier F, Sasaki T. A workshop report on wheat genome sequencing: International Genome Research on Wheat Consortium. Genetics. 2004 October;168(2):1087-96.
  43. (2004) Appels R, Francki M, Cakir M, Bellgard M. Looking through genomics: concepts and technologies for plant and animal genomics. Funct Integr Genomics. 2004 May;4(2):71-3. Epub 2004 April 30.
  44. (2004) Francki M, Carter M, Ryan K, Hunter A, Bellgard M, Appels R. Comparative organization of wheat homoeologous group 3S and 7L using wheat-rice synteny and identification of potential markers for genes controlling xanthophyll content in wheat. Funct Integr Genomics. 2004 May;4(2):118-30. Epub 2004 April 23.
  45. (2004) Li C, Ni P, Francki M, Hunter A, Zhang Y, Schibeci D, Li H, Tarr A, Wang J, Cakir M, Yu J, Bellgard M, Lance R, Appels R. Genes controlling seed dormancy and pre-harvest sprouting i a rice-wheat-barley comparison. Funct Integr Genomics. 2004 May;4(2):84-93. Epub 2004 February 10.
  46. (2004) Bellgard M, Ye J, Gojobori T, Appels R. The bioinformatics challenges in comparative analysis of cereals genomes-an overview. Funct Integr Genomics. 2004 March;4(1):1-11. Epub 2004 February 10.
  47. (2003) Turnbull KM, Turner M, Mukai Y, Yamamoto M, Morell MK, Appels R, Rahman S. The organization of genes tightly linked to the Ha locus in Aegilops tauschii, the D-genome donor to wheat. Genome. 2003 April;46(2):330-8.
  48. (2003) Suzuki G, Moriyama M, Fujioka K, Yamamoto M, Subrahmanyam NC, Li Z Appels R, Morell M, Mukai Y, Rahman S. The starch branching enzyme I locus from Aegilops tauschii, the donor of the D genome to wheat. Funct Integr Genomics. 2003 March;3(1-2):69-75. Epub 2002 August 23.
  49. (2003) Appels R, Francki M, Chibbar R. Advances in cereal functional genomics. Funct Integr Genomics. 2003 March;3(1-2):1-24. Epub 2002 October 12.
  50. (2003) Turnbull KM, Marion D, Gaborit T, Appels R, Rahman S. Early expression of grain hardness in the developing wheat endosperm. Planta. 2003 February;216(4):699-706. Epub 2002 December 7.
  51. (2002) Franki M, Appels R. Wheat funtional genomics and engineering crop improvement. Genome Biol. 2002;3(5):reviews1013. Epub 2002 April 23.
  52. (2002) Appels R. A look through cereal genoimcs. Funct Integr Genomics. 2002 May;2(1-2):1-3. Epub 2002 April 26.
  53. (2000) Clark BC, Hobbs M, Skylas D, Appels R. Genes active in developing wheat endosperm. Funct Integr Genomics. 200 May;1(1):44-55.
  54. (2000) Fukui KN, Suzuki G, Lagudah ES, Rahman S, Appels R, Yamamoto M, Mukai Y. Physical arrangement of retrotransposon-related repeats in centromeric regions of wheat. Plant Cell Physiol. 2001 February;42(2):189-96.
  55. (2000) Li Z, Mouille G, Kosar-Hashemi B, Rahman S, Clarke B, Gale KR, Appels R, Morell MK. The structure and expression of the wheat starch synthase III gene. Motifs in the expressed gene define the lineage of the starch synthase III gene family. Plant Physiol. 2000 June;123(2):613-24.
  56. (2000) Yan L, Bhave M, Fairclough R, Konik C, Rahman S, Appels R. The genes encoding granule-bound starch synthases at the waxy loci of the A, B, and D progenitors of common wheat. Genome 2000 April;43(2):264-72.